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#1 The gay science spark notes

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The gay science spark notes

Kaufmann dedicated this edition to his granddaughter Sophia "My Joyful Sophia" in something like a rather confusing pun, 'sophia' being the Greek for "wisdom. Americans tend to interpret the word 'science' way too narrowly so, even though the German 'wissenschaft' means "science," the German sense of "science" is considerably more broad and does not involve the American tendency to exclude a good deal of scholarship as "soft. The original version of The Gay Sciencewhich is what we will read, was published in and did not include the large Preface, Book V, or the Appendix of Songs. Fromwhen The Birth of Tragedy was published toa great deal happened in Nietzsche's life. No two works could have demonstrated their separate trajectories more emphatically. Nietzsche's health had declined Girl angel nude this period and, Tombraider anniversary nude cheat already taken several leaves-of-absence, Small lump near testicles finally resigned his professorship in Basle in Having surrendered German citizenship to take the position at Basle and, now, having surrendered that position, Nietzsche was literally a man without a country or institutional foundation. In order to play to better health, he adopted an "annual round" spending summer in the Alps, spring and fall in Turin, and winter in Sorrento. Only on occasion did he travel back to see friends or family in Switzerland or Germany. Nietzsche's health problems were very likely congenital related to his father's brain maladies ; at least, he had The gay science spark notes from them as early as childhood. They affected his attention span, eyesight, and digestive system, and they gave him excruciating headaches that could completely shut down his work habits. At least for this reason, and probably for other reasons, it became easiest for Nietzsche to write or dictate his thoughts in relatively short "notebook" entries....

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This section is a return to the style of some of Nietzsche's earlier writings. Human, All-Too-Human, The Dawn, and The Gay Science are all collections of aphorisms and epigrams on various themes, not arranged in any particular order. Given that Beyond Good and Evil presents a far more cohesive philosophy than those earlier works, we might ask what purpose these "interludes" serve. The subject matter of this chapter is also more akin to these earlier books. They were laden with disconnected series of witty and insightful psychological and other observations. These observations served as the raw data from which Nietzsche built his mature philosophy. From these observations he inferred the will to power as the underlying drive that motivates all things, and developed his conception of the overman and the eternal recurrence, which were introduced in Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Starting with Zarathustra, Nietzsche's thought took on a more cohesive and directed shape. For instance, in Beyond Good and Evil we get not a disconnected series of aphorisms, but aphorisms organized into chapters, building upon themes, and developing the major conclusions of Nietzsche's mature period. If Beyond Good and Evil is to present Nietzsche's thought in its completeness, however, it must also present the psychological and other observations upon which his more organized thoughts were built. This chapter does largely that. The other chapters play upon themes that took shape with the advent of Nietzsche's mature philosophy. Because these observations are the basis for, and not the result of, Nietzsche's mature philosophy, they lack the shape and direction of the thoughts developed in the other chapters. Nietzsche's view of psychology has been touched upon earlier. He battles against the conception of the human mind and will as being unified and transparent. If it were, it would be static: That we even...

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Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Login or Sign up. And we have killed him! How shall we console our selves, the most murderous of all murderers? These striking lines, found in the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche's The Gay Science , become one of his most well-known and influential statements. Out of context, it sounds like it could be a morbid statement. However, Nietzsche believed that the 'death of God' or rather, increasing irreligiosity in the modern world, was a good thing. Nietzsche believed that religion, in particular Christianity, was something human beings needed to move past. The Gay Science was first published in as a four part book, and then republished with a new fifth part. The work featured a large number of poems. The Gay Science, also translated as The Joyful Wisdom contrasts with the phrase 'the dismal science,' used to refer to economics. Instead of a dry academic work, The Gay Science reveals both Nietzsche's playfulness and his embrace of life. Nietzsche himself called the book his 'most personal. This embrace of life is what Nietzsche termed amor fati , which in Latin means 'love of fate. For Nietzsche, the ultimate 'yea-sayer' was the ancient Greek god Dionysus , the god of wine, ritual madness, and fertility and called Bacchus in Roman mythology. For Nietzsche, Dionysus represented not only creation and destruction, but the necessary embrace of life in light of tragedy. Nietzsche wrote that 'The desire for destruction, change and becoming' was what he called Dionysian. But 'destruction' was not bad because it was part of being a 'yea-sayer. As the American philosopher John Kress put it, Dionysus united both horror and laughter 'in his sacred festivals and promises a redemption of life even as he acknowledges its ultimate...

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Its invigorated and invigorating philosophy was made possible by the largely destructive Human, All-Too-Human ; and Daybreak ; , the two books that immediately preceded The Gay Science. In Human, All-Too-Human , Nietzsche explodes the concept of the free will and reveals the obscene selfishness, the crass self-interestedness, that underlies all human conduct. In Daybreak , Nietzsche argues that all morality is false—indeed, impossible—if we conceive of moral behavior as being voluntary or other-directed. The foundation of Nietzschean thought could be represented by one word: We do not control what we think; we do not control what we do. The sources of thought and action never exist within the horizons of consciousness. It makes no sense, therefore, to regret what one has said or done, as it makes no sense to regret what one has not said or not done. We are free to choose only what necessity has chosen for us. Persephone rolls the dice of fate in Hades; we are free to play along. The gay science is gaiety at the meaningless mechanism which is the world. Everything is necessary yet purposeless. The human conscience is a hive of error. The total break with Schopenhauer, again, is announced in the pages of The Gay Science. What Nietzsche writes is pellucid; little commentary from me is required. What I would like to focus on here is something that is less obvious: The innermost core of the world is the Will: The Will is the impelling force of Nature. The Will is what makes one want to live, what keeps one alive, but more importantly, what makes us, usually inadvertently, continue the human species. All that we do, whether we think we are doing so or not, is in the service of the life-will, of the enhancement and enlargement of...

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The Gay Science German: This substantial expansion includes a fifth book and an appendix of songs. It was noted by Nietzsche to be "the most personal of all [his] books", and contains the greatest number of poems in any of his published works. The book's title uses a phrase that was well-known at the time. Dallas and, in inverted form, by Thomas Carlyle in " the dismal science ". The book's title was first translated into English as The Joyful Wisdom , but The Gay Science has become the common translation since Walter Kaufmann 's version in the s. This alludes to the birth of modern European poetry that occurred in Provence around the 13th century, whereupon, after the culture of the troubadours fell into almost complete desolation and destruction due to the Albigensian Crusade — , other poets in the 14th century ameliorated and thus cultivated the gai saber or gaia scienza. In a similar vein, in Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche observed that,. The book is usually placed within Nietzsche's middle period, during which his work extolled the merits of science, skepticism , and intellectual discipline as routes to mental freedom. In The Gay Science, Nietzsche experiments with the notion of power but does not advance any systematic theory. The book contains Nietzsche's first consideration of the idea of the eternal recurrence , a concept which would become critical in his next work Thus Spoke Zarathustra and underpins much of the later works. What if some day or night a demon were to steal after you into your loneliest loneliness and say to you: Would you not throw yourself down and gnash your teeth and curse the demon who spoke thus? Or have you once experienced a tremendous moment when you would have answered him: Here is also...

The gay science spark notes

The Gay Science Summary and Study Guide

The Gay Science (German: Die fröhliche Wissenschaft) or The Joyful Wisdom is a quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Dec 26, - The Gay Science marks a swerving-away from Nietzsche's unofficial . The title Die fröhliche Wissenschaft (“the gay science”) has at least four meanings: .. friedrich nietzsche the gay science summary, gay science learn to. The original version of The Gay Science, which is what we will read, was published in and did not include the large Preface, Book V, or the Appendix of.

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