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#1 Hiv positive teenagers legal issues

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Hiv positive teenagers legal issues

Will an HIV vaccine that protected two-thirds of monkeys do the same for humans? HIV treatment is not a cure, but it is keeping millions of people well. Start learning about it in this section. In this section we have answered some Hiv positive teenagers legal issues the questions you might Johns model nl shop st if you have just found out you have HIV. Antiretroviral drugs chart A one-page reference guide to the anti-HIV drugs licensed for izsues in the European Union, with information on formulation, dosing, key side-effects and food restrictions. Teenaegrs award-winning series of booklets, with each title legl a comprehensive overview of one aspect of living with HIV. A iswues of interactive tools to support people living with HIV to get involved in decisions about their treatment and care. Short factsheets, providing a summary of key topics. Particularly useful when looking for information on a specific issue, rather than exploring a wider topic. Poaitive English law young people aged 16 years or over are assumed to have the capacity to consent to medical treatment and should be treated in ossues same way as adults. Young people under 16 years accessing HIV testing and sexual health care without a parent or guardian should be assessed for competency to consent. The Fraser judgment has positige extended to HIV testing. If a child lacks the capacity to consent, then the consent of one parent or carer with parental responsibility is sufficient. If a doctor is aware of parental disagreement, he or she should refer to GMC guidance. If parents of a non-competent child or young person refuse testing that is clearly in the best interests of the child, then the doctor should teenaegrs involving other members of the multidisciplinary team, positife independent advocate or a designated doctor for...

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Healthcare workers HCWs often disagree with caregivers or parents about whether, when, and how to disclose HIV serostatus to perinatally HIV-infected children, yet the critical ethical, moral, and legal issues involved and their interplay have been underexplored. The purpose of this article is to bring attention to this increasingly important issue and the complexities involved, and to provide a framework for considering disclosure-related challenges. However, since the advent of antiretrovirals ARVs and their use in children, increasing numbers of HIV-infected children are living longer, often into adolescence and young adulthood. Thus, children are reaching a level of cognitive development that allows them to understand their HIV diagnosis and to participate in treatment decisions, which could affect adherence to often complex medication regimens. Furthermore, older children and adolescents are reaching a level of physical and emotional development that can lead to sexual activity and sexual transmission risks. Sexual transmission is of particular concern among adolescents who may have little sexual experience, and thus be less familiar with safer sexual practices. If perinatally infected youth are nonadherent, they could potentially transmit drug-resistant virus. Disclosure of HIV entails telling children that they have a potentially life-threatening, stigmatized, and sexually transmittable illness. Thus, parents and healthcare providers often disagree about the timing and appropriateness of disclosure. The American Academy of Pediatrics AAP recommends that all adolescents know their HIV status and that disclosure be considered for school-age children as soon as is developmentally appropriate. When disagreements occur about whether to disclose — most commonly when a health-care worker HCW recommends that a child be told, and the parent refuses — critical ethical issues surface. Even when parents and HCWs might concur that the time is right to begin discussing HIV with the child, questions can still arise as to how to disclose — for...

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Clive was nine years old when he discovered he was HIV positive. The devastating news that his mother, doctors and support workers had spent years preparing to break to him in the gentlest manner possible, was blurted out by a careless receptionist at his local hospital. Clive credits the medication given to his mother during her pregnancy for protecting him then from her HIV infection. But, he says, something went catastrophically wrong at the point of delivery, and the infection was passed into his own bloodstream. After that day at the hospital, however, Clive refused to take medication on his own behalf. Or I'd pretend to swallow them, then throw them away. Clive's resistance to taking medication became more deep-rooted as he grew up. Other times, I just don't want to remember that side of me. I want to be normal. An exuberant teenager, full of life, he laughs at my shock. Pulling his homburg hat to a jaunty angle, he throws a caricatured "oh, poor me" puppy dog stare. But there's nothing funny about Clive's attitude towards his HIV status. A decade of sporadic adherence to his drug regime has stunted the teenager's growth. It has left him close to death three times, and caused him to develop resistance to a number of the drugs that could have almost guaranteed him a long and healthy life. I got pneumonia after stopping taking my meds. My CD4 count [cells that help fight infection] was down so low that I was basically dead. There are around 1, children like Clive in the UK and Ireland: They are a hidden group. Fiercely protected by a medical profession that never expected them to grow from babies into children, much less teenagers, they seek to exist under society's radar, to avoid being branded by...

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Young people 10 to 24 years and adolescents 10 to 19 years , especially young women and young key populations, continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. The number of adolescents dying due to AIDS-related illnesses tripled between and , the only age group to have experienced a rise. This means that, even if current progress is maintained, new HIV infections among young people are expected to increase. If progress stalls, the results could be devastating. Estimates suggest that as many as , additional adolescents could become infected between and The medical advances that have transformed HIV treatment have yet to alter the stark reality for young people, particularly in low to middle-income countries, such as those in sub-Saharan Africa, and young people within key populations. Multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination and structural inequality affect the lives of young people and increase their vulnerability to HIV. Every week, 7, young women across the world acquire HIV. For example, in some parts of sub-Saharan Africa, young women are up to eight times more vulnerable to HIV than young men. HIV also disproportionately affects young men who have sex with men, young people who use drugs, young transgender people and young sex workers. Young people are vulnerable to HIV at two stages of their lives; early in the first decade of life when HIV can be transmitted from mother-to-child, sometimes known as vertical transmission see children and HIV , and the second decade of life when adolescence brings new vulnerability to HIV. There are many factors that put young people at an elevated risk of HIV. Adolescence and early adulthood is a critical period of development when significant physical and emotional changes occur. Adolescents and young people have growing personal autonomy and responsibility for their individual health. The transition from...

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All adolescents must make their own decision to have an HIV test, without being coerced or pressured. Depending on the laws of the country, adolescents who have reached the legal age of consent or are considered as mature minors can consent for an HIV test. The age of consent for HIV testing varies from country to country. It is important for health providers to consider the legal age of consent to test for HIV, including adolescents who are considered 'exceptions' to a standard age for consent policy, for example 'mature minors' or pregnant adolescent girls, and be guided by the best interests of individual adolescents. Policies, guidance and laws about adolescents and HIV: How well do you know them? In order to reduce age-related barriers to access to HTC , WHO guidance encourages countries to examine and potentially revise their current age of consent policies. During this process, they should take into account how best to address age and access issues within their own legal and social context, and consider lowering the age of consent for HTC , if necessary. Many countries include concessions in their policies allowing adolescents in specific groups or situations to be considered 'mature minors'. Additionally, exceptions are made for those who have a clinical condition that suggests infection with HIV, or whose knowledge of their HIV status is in the best interests of the adolescent. Adopting such flexibilities may offer faster approaches to achieving greater access to HIV testing than considering a review of the legal age of consent. Health providers have a responsibility to assess the maturity and ability of individual adolescents and to decide if each person has the capacity to recognize and understand the benefits and consequences of an HIV test. In assessing such competence, it is essential for health care providers...

Hiv positive teenagers legal issues

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Jun 30, - Doctors should seek legal advice if they think treatment is in the best interests of a competent AIDS Volume 26, Issue 2, p , The legal issues surrounding civil rights and civil liberties are among the most .. care;18 alcohol and drug abuse treatment;19 testing for HIV/AIDS;20 and. Apr 11, - The number of adolescents dying due to AIDS-related illnesses tripled . Ethical and legal issues make it difficult to conduct studies and.

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